Ack Smiles Logo M
   
 SERVICES  GALLERY  BLOG 973 921 0505

CLEANING AND PREVENTION

acksmiles_services_cleaning_and_prevention

Digital X-Rays

Dental x-rays are taken with the help of digital radiography, which is also known as digital x-ray. Electronic sensor is the device that plays the most important role here and the time taken for x-rays to develop is taken off in this method. The instant images are viewed by the dentist with larger views so the exact problem with the teeth could be found out. These x-rays play a vital role in finding out the problems lying deep inside the teeth or gums since the regular dental exam cannot extract such intricate details about the problems. With such thorough knowledge of the problem the dentists can create an exact plan to treat the problem without wasting time on lateral issues. If x-rays are not taken, few problems might arise while the treatment is in progress and make the treatment less reliable.

Dental X-rays may reveal:

  • Cysts in gums and in the roots of teeth
  • Loss of bones in oral cavity
  • Presence of tumors and cancers
  • Miniscule decays in molars
  • Bad positioning of teeth in deep areas

If the problem is detected right when it starts to develop, a lot of money can be saved that would otherwise be spent on getting treatments later on.

Are dental X-rays safe?

X-rays done on teeth are not same as the normal x-rays you see in your daily life. These tools emit only a very small amount of radiation that's not dangerous for teeth or gums. These x-rays are quick so not a lot of time is spent on taking the x-ray and detection of very small problems leads to better treatments of teeth to avoid further damage to them in future. In short, all the developments made into these equipments are only to make things easier for the patients. It is very much known to the people that digital x-rays perform differently from conventional x-rays and produce far less radiation than conventional x-rays but it doesn't mean that the dentists wouldn't take any measures to protect the patients from their harmfulness. After all, they are radiations. The x-rays are only taken when they are direly needed and lead apron shields are put to use by doctors for better protection.

How often should dental X-rays be taken?

Digital x-rays are not something that would be considered as preventive measure for dental health so they are not among the regular treatments or procedures. Only your dentist knows when an x-ray is needed and he would only suggest it when there are issues that can't be detected with an ordinary examination of the teeth. Your dental history, age and other health factors might also play a role in the decision of your dentist to take or not take an x-ray. When taken in the form of series, these x-rays provide good information about any problems that may develop in the teeth in the coming years. There is a special x-ray type called the bite-wing-x-ray that is taken as a reminder and reference when the patient comes for a visit in future. Any differences in the old and new x-ray can indicate the development of problems in teeth and gums.

Fluoride Treatment

When your teeth are decaying the best thing for you can be fluoride. This mineral is found in the foods you eat in your daily dietary routine – in chewable foods and liquids both. For decades the dentists and even the toothpaste companies have been talking about the many benefits of this particular mineral for teeth.

Fluoride works in two ways:

Topical fluoride's main working is on the top surface of the teeth where it gets absorbed in the surface and becomes a big obstacle in the decaying process of the teeth. The best ways to get this type of fluoride are products present in your bathroom cabinets; your toothpastes and other similar products. Children's dental health is more emphasized by dentists and they always recommend children to visit dental clinics for getting fluoride application at least 2 times annually. The working of systemic fluoride starts even before the teeth come out your gums. The sources of this type of fluoride are the foods that we eat in our daily routines and the water we normally drink. If somehow you lack this type of fluoride, your dentist might recommend a particular product that works as a supplement for fluoride. For children it is best that you use fluoride only in drop form and teenagers can even take tablets. However, it needs mentioning that excessive use of fluoride could also become a problem and might result in the development of a condition named as fluorosis. In this condition you will notice white stains and small dots on the teeth. The amount of fluoride you get from your foods should be enough to prevent the tooth decay but if it's not enough, the fluoride treatment is inevitable for many benefits. Why a person will need fluoride treatment can be for the reasons given below:

  • If you have cracks or shallow holes in your teeth
  • If the root surfaces of your teeth are exposed
  • When your dental hygiene is compromised
  • When excessive sugar is used
  • Too much fluoride intake
  • If some medical conditions are resulting in excessive production of saliva
  • Whenever tooth decay is prominent

Even though your fluoride treatment will do you and your teeth good but it doesn't mean that you can now start being casual with your dental hygiene. Don't forget to brush twice a day, don't sleep with stuff in your mouth and don't try to open bottles with your teeth.

How to Properly Brush & Floss

The vital role played by regular brushing and flossing cannot be emphasized enough for dental health. It is recommended that you go to your nearest dental clinic 2 times every year and have the debris and other harmful matters removed but flossing and brushing still remains just as important. A lot of bad conditions and diseases of teeth can be avoided by simply brushing and flossing regularly.

Why should you brush and floss regularly:

To stop your teeth from decaying – Many of the patients found in dental clinics are there because of tooth loss that takes place due to tooth decay. The decaying process is actually erosion taking place in your teeth when the acid is playing its role. This acid is in your drinks, foods and even snacks. If you have a healthy routine for your teeth, you can avoid this from happening in the first place. Preventing many periodontal diseases – Periodontal disease is not an ordinary condition and must never be overlooked if detected. This condition not only affects teeth but it also affects gums and jawbone. Plaque and tartar are the biggest causes of this condition and regular flossing and brushing can easily keep you off of this condition. Not only the top but you should clean the insides and back sides of your teeth through flossing too. Debarring Halitosis – Foul smell in breath, which is also called halitosis, is a common problem with many people when they wake up in the morning. The food particles that are still in the mouth when you sleep cause this bad smell but if you brush before sleeping at night and after waking up in the morning, this smell can easily be gotten rid off. Stopping the staining of teeth – Stained or yellow teeth need whitening and you wouldn't want to spend your money on treatments that could be avoided with things as simple as brushing and flossing. Smokers and coffee drinkers are the most common carriers of these stains but if only they could brush every day, they can avoid this problem. The habit of brushing your teeth daily is easily picked by your children and they can save their teeth from decaying and erosion if they start following you today. Therefore, these little steps are not only good for your dental health but also for the dental health of your children and rest of the family.

Oral Hygiene Aids

Going to your dentist and having checkups can definitely inform you of any problems beforehand but you should not consider it as the one and only resolution. You should take care of your teeth and oral health at home just as you take care of your clothes. Any diseases that are related to gums can severely damage your teeth and once caused, they are nearly impossible to get rid of. Even though professional cleanings and checkups can slow down the development of any diseases, your routine at home is still more important. Not to mention, if you are taking care of your teeth well, you won't have to spend money to get that Hollywood smile that people long for. If you go to your nearby store you will find hundreds and thousands of products that are meant to provide you oral hygiene and strength to your teeth. Some products that best serve you when in your bathroom cabinet are as under:

Dental Flosses

Flossing is a method that is meant to remove the plaque that resides in the spaces in your teeth and also prevents from periodontal diseases from developing when done regularly. The nylon filaments are the most commonly used flosses but you will see polyethylene ribbons being used as well. It might sound funny but flossing could be addictive for some people and doing excessive flossing can be very dangerous for your teeth and gums. Follow your daily brushing routine with a session of flossing daily.

Interdental Cleaners

If you are not a big fan of flossing or if it doesn't suit you much, you can go for other types of brushes that can do the job. The tiny size of these brushes is what plays the role of going in the small spaces in your teeth and cleaning them. These brushes are easily available in stores.

Mouth Rinses

When you go to a store to buy mouth rinses, you will know that there are different types of mouth rinses available. Cosmetic rinses are getting very popular these days too but another important category is to overcome the foul smell of the breath. Even though the cosmetic rinses are pretty common in the market today but you will hardly find any dentist that would approve to the benefits of these rinses. However, there is a type of mouth rinses, called the therapeutic rinses that can be really effective in keeping your teeth and gums healthy. They can take care of bad breath and other diseases of the oral cavity as well.

Oral Irrigators

Oral irrigators are more directed towards the cleaning and health of your gums than teeth. Of course, when your gums are strong, your teeth will be strong too. Water jets, as the name suggests, throw water with pressure in your mouth and thus play a great role in cleaning the gum pockets of any food particles or other harmful microorganisms. However, even with their benefits they should not be considered a replacement of your daily brushing routine. You should not compromise on professional cleaning and checkups from the dentists as well.

Rubber Tip Stimulators

Rubber tip stimulator is another device that is meant to keep your gums healthy and away from the harmful organisms and substances. While using the stimulator you must ensure to move along the lines of your gums and there should be a session at least once daily. When you notice plaque on your stimulator, just remove it and wash it with water. Use the stimulator according to the guidelines from your dentist or the manual that comes with it. Switch it as soon as you think it is worn.

Tongue Cleaners

Along with teeth and gums, your tongue is also an essential part of your mouth and while cleaning the teeth and gums you might be overlooking the importance of cleaning the tongue. As you eat and drink various foods in a day, some particles tend to get stuck to your tongue and must be removed with some kind of cleaner. This is when you have to use devices that are named as tongue cleaners and could be made from metal or some other material. Always clean your tongue just when you are about to brush your teeth.

Toothbrushes

Everyone knows about toothbrushes and their importance in dental hygiene. There are conventional toothbrushes and then there are more advanced oscillating and rotating ones as well. Rotating ones are not considered more effective since they can go deeper in your oral cavities and spaces among the teeth to remove plaque, food particles and other stuff. You can save your money and use a simple toothbrush if you don't find it irritating to spend a little longer time in cleaning your teeth with a manual toothbrush. An important job for the toothbrush users is to change and get new ones as soon as the old ones have expired. Usually a period of 3 months is enough to replace your old toothbrush with a new one. Another crucial piece of information is to use the right size of brush if you want to obtain the maximum benefits from it. Brush your teeth before going to bed and then brush them as soon as you wake up in the morning. You can always get in touch with us to know more about oral hygiene aids, how to use them and their benefits.

Panoramic X-rays

Panoramic X-rays as the name suggests are pictures or photos of a patient's mouth that give a full wide view of the oral cavity. They can take dentists into the details that could not be accessed otherwise. All the problems that are not known through conventional exams can be found out through these x-rays, such as development of wisdom teeth and any indications of cavities forming in the teeth etc. These x-rays can be taken easily and the process of taking this type of x-ray is very different from other dental x-rays. The device that takes the x-ray doesn't even have to enter the mouth for taking a full view of the oral cavity. Bite-wing x-rays are taken on yearly basis or even more frequent than that but these x-rays are only taken when the need arises. A deep detail of mandibular and nasal areas can be found out with the help of panoramic x-ray. Sinus can contribute to dental illness as well and its signs can be best traced with the help of panoramic x-ray rather than taking the bite-wing x-ray. The many uses of panoramic x-rays by the dentists are given below:

  • It is used to collect information on patients that might have gag reflex
  • TMJ's progression is evaluated
  • Reveal the presence of any cysts in the oral cavity
  • Reveal if there are any damaged teeth
  • Fractures that might be tiny and present in the jawbone
  • Acts as a preplanning process for braces and implants
  • Detect the development of any periodontal diseases

How are panoramic X-rays taken?

A panoramic x-ray is the best way to know the overall big picture of the oral cavity including both the lower and upper jaws. Dentists often use panoramic x-rays when they have to know the development stage of wisdom tooth and also when they must find out the effects of one treatment on other parts of the oral cavity. The equipment used for this purpose is called the Panorex equipment. There is a tool and it rotates to take the x-ray of the entire oral cavity. The person whose x-ray needs to be taken will stand in a small region in the device and the device's x-ray taking part will revolve around the head to take the pictures. The person must be standing in the exact position for the x-ray to be clear and visible. The dentists might as well magnify the pictures to have a closer view. The best use of these x-rays is to indicate the coming of any oral disease in future and taking measures to prevent it from developing any further. This is also a safer method of taking x-rays. We are always waiting for you to contact us if you have any questions related to dental x-rays.

Sealants

Sealants are coatings prepared from plastic in order to fill the fissures or deep grooves that might be present in teeth. The depth of these pits makes it impossible for toothbrush and other devices to reach them and thus the decay begins here. By filling these small gaps and depths with sealants the dentists make sure that you are able to brush your teeth with ease without having to use special devices for reaching these corners. Even with the best devices these corners are unreachable. When the sealants have sealed a particular groove in your teeth, the decaying is process is stopped or at least slowed down to a great extent and you get relief for years. Reasons why a person will need sealant are given below:

Reasons for sealants:

  • In children the sealants are put to use when they are developing their permanent teeth and any abnormalities in those years can be covered with sealants
  • In adults the problems such as fissures and grooves might be present since childhood and only sealants can cover them
  • If it seems that a baby is prone to cavities in the teeth, the sealants can be applied in the years of baby teeth as well

What do sealants involve?

Sealants don't require any intricate process or frequent visits to the dentist. Within a few minutes your dentist will be done with sealants when you go on an appointment. The important part of the process is to keep the teeth clean and at the same time dry with the help of cotton. Of course, the sealant wouldn't stick to the teeth and to make it stick a solution is used by the dentists. The grooves or whatever pits might be present in the teeth are then filled of painted with the sealant. Dentists use different types of sealants so you might or might not require curing under light for the sealant to bond and harden. You must take care of your teeth well at home and whenever you have any questions related to your dental health, call us right away.

Dental Exams & Cleanings

A detailed examination of the teeth is conducted by the dentist on your first appointment but as you continue to go for regular checkups, your appointments will comprise of the following:

  • The dentist will take x-rays to make sure that any tumor, decay or other disease is detected and caught in its initial stages or is predicted before it starts developing.
  • Many other parts of the oral cavity including the lips, neck and even throat are examined to ensure that there are no indications of cancer's presence
  • Periodontal diseases are detected, checked and prevented
  • Various tools and instruments are used by dentists to examine any decaying taking place in teeth
  • If any treatments have been done on the teeth, their status will be checked

Professional Dental Cleaning

An important part of your visits is professional dental cleaning. Only the licensed doctors will perform this treatment on their patients. The cleaning of your teeth includes the flowing important phases and aspects.

  • When plaque is not cleaned through regular brushing and flossing, it forms a hard surface on the teeth and it becomes difficult to get rid of it with home remedies. Dentists use their tools to get rid of this situation
  • When bacteria hare breeding and living on your teeth in the form of plaque, they must be removed before they start damaging your teeth. The dentist checks your teeth for the presence of any of such organisms and harmful beings. Overlooking the removal of plaque can be dangerous for teeth and gums both
  • If some stains on your teeth are permanent and you can't remove them with the regular brushing routine at home, the dentist will use his methods to polish your teeth and make them look white

For further information on the above mentioned topics, you can contact us right now.

Home Care

A beautiful, healthy smile that lasts a lifetime is our ultimate goal when treating patients. Your personal home care plays an important role in achieving that goal. It starts at home by eating balanced meals, reducing the number of snacks you eat, and correctly using the various dental aids that help control the plaque and bacteria that cause dental disease. Tooth brushing – Brush your teeth at least twice a day (especially before going to bed at night) with an ADA approved soft bristle brush and toothpaste.

  • Place the brush at a 45 degree angle to the gums and gently brush using a small, circular motion, ensuring that you always feel the bristles on the gums.
  • Brush the outer, inner, and biting surfaces of each tooth
  • Use the tip of the brush to clean the inside of the front teeth
  • Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath

Electric toothbrushes are also recommended. They are easy to use and can remove plaque efficiently. Simply place the bristles of the electric brush on your gums and teeth and allow the brush to do its job, several teeth at a time. Flossing – Daily flossing is the best way to clean between the teeth and under the gumline. Flossing not only helps clean these spaces, it disrupts plaque colonies from building up, preventing damage to the gums, teeth, and bone.

  • Take 12-16 inches (30-40cm) of dental floss and wrap it around your middle fingers, leaving about 2 inches (5cm) of floss between the hands
  • Using your thumbs and forefingers to guide the floss, gently insert the floss between teeth using a sawing motion
  • Curve the floss into a “C” shape around each tooth and under the gumline.Gently move the floss up and down, cleaning the side of each tooth

Floss holders are recommended if you have difficulty using conventional floss. Rinsing – It is important to rinse your mouth with water after brushing, and also after meals if you are unable to brush. If you are using an over-the-counter product for rinsing, it's a good idea to consult with your dentist or dental hygienist on its appropriateness for you. Use other dental aids as recommended by your dentist or dental hygienist: Interdental brushes, rubber tip stimulators, tongue cleaners, irrigation devices, fluoride, medicated rinses, etc., can all play a role in good dental home care.